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Forummgr

Member Since 05 Jan 2012
Offline Last Active Sep 25 2014 01:48 AM
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A Study of al-Qur’an From a Christian Perspective

25 September 2014 - 01:48 AM

A Topical

Study of the

Qur’an

From a Christian Perspective


Author

M. J. Fisher, M.Div.

Foreword

Robert C. Douglas, Ph.D.

Editor

Jochen Katz


INTRODUCTION

In the wake of the 9-11 attacks on the United States of America by Islamic terrorists, interest by non-Muslims in the teachings of the Qur’an continues to grow. However understanding an English translation of the Arabic Qur’an is often frustrating. For a person trying to comprehend the Qur’an there are three barriers to overcome. These barriers block understanding the Qur’an resulting in heated debates on the central beliefs of Islam and how it relates to Christianity. The purpose of this book is to take the mystery out of a study of the Qur’an for non-Muslims and provide a Christian comparison of the Qur’an and the Bible.

People debate the meaning of the Qur’an on television talk shows as well as at the corner coffee shop. World leaders cannot cite clear evidence whether the Qur’an teaches peace or demands a holy war. Neighbors disagree whether Mohammed is comparable with Jesus. One thinks that both were great religious leaders who taught goodness and morality while the other believes Mohammed was a false prophet who lived an immoral life and founded a frightening religion. Neither can support their views with verses from the Qur’an because their understanding of the Qur’an is hindered in three ways.

The first is a barrier of confusion resulting from the fact that the Qur’an rarely offers a topical presentation of teachings. In the Qur’an, most chapters sporadically change topics in a disjointed manner. This was the first obstacle I decided to tackle as I began my examination of Islamic beliefs. I began my study of Islam with a Penguin Classics’ translation entitled The Koran authored by an Iraqi named N. J. Dawood (1). As I read, I put symbols in the margins to identify the subject of each passage so I could return and categorize them by topics. I discussed my findings with hundreds of Muslims in meetings as well as through individual dialogues. My work has culminated in this book, which arranges the teachings of the Qur’an topically. At a glance you can discover what the Qur’an teaches on subjects ranging from warfare to marriage. There is a great amount of repetition in the Qur’an so I would often choose one verse to represent many verses that taught the same thing.

Actually, there is some repetition in this book also and for good reason. In order for this text to be a quick reference for those who might want to use it to investigate a single topic, there are instances in which I have repeated Qur’an verses in more than one chapter. This is because a single verse can relate to several different categories. For the same reason, I have repeated some historical or theological information in the various chapter introductions that relate to more than one topical study.

The second barrier hinders comprehension of English translations of the Qur’an,

because they are mostly written in an antiquated style and not easy to read. To solve this problem, I paraphrased each passage into contemporary English. Actually, a translation of any document is a paraphrase to some extent, but this book amplifies the meaning of the Qur’an verses to enhance the reader’s understanding. For example, an Islamic translation of the Qur’an’s chapter 10 verse 94 (10:94) reads as follows; “If thou wert in doubt as to what we have revealed unto thee, then ask those who have been reading the book from before thee (2).” The meaning of that same verse is unveiled by my paraphrased version which reads, “If you (Mohammed) doubt the reliability of the Qur’an, you should ask those who are reading the Bible, which was revealed prior to your life (10:94).” To be a reliable paraphrased translation, great care must be given to a correct understanding of the passage.

To ensure the most objective and accurate interpretation of the Qur’an, I used five different translations to cross-reference the verses. This was sometimes a challenge since the verse numbering systems of various versions of the Qur’an are slightly different. Decades of dialogue with Arabic speaking individuals, about verse interpretation, was helpful as well. By these means, an honest attempt was made to translate correctly while paraphrasing the Qur’an verses in modern English.

The third barrier is censorship, which takes two forms. Some Islamic promotional materials selectively collect and present only the attractive verses arranged by subjects, such as faith, prayer and charity. Other passages are left out which are controversial or offensive to non-Muslims, such as those on the subject of holy war, the command to beat rebellious women or the ownership of slaves. Since I wanted to offer you a complete presentation of what the Qur’an teaches, no subject was intentionally omitted.

Censorship takes another form in many of the English translations of the Qur’an. Some translators attempt to make the Qur’an more acceptable to western readers by their choice of words. For example, some translate violent verses like “fight for Islam” as “strive for Islam” or unscientific sounding verses like “Allah leveled the earth flat” as “Allah spread out the earth.” To ensure that the word usage in this book reflected the true meaning of the passage, the verses were not only studied in context but in comparison with other verses on the same topic.

Even with all this care, I am sure I have made mistakes. I invite your help. This is an E-book which will continue to be revised and improved. Many of those improvements will be made in response to your feedback. Please send your comments to my E-mail address: author_rev_fisher@yahoo.com. I use a pseudonym (a “pen name”). You are welcome to do the same.

What does the Qur’an actually teach and how does it compare with the Bible? What do Muslims’ believe? What is at the heart of the Islamic faith? Now more than ever before, it is important for all non-Muslims to know the answers to these questions. With this topical, paraphrased and uncensored presentation of the teachings of the Qur’an, conclusions are left up to the reader.

Muslims themselves may find this book enlightening. My focus on non-Muslims is not meant to exclude them from benefiting from this study. Of course, I would invite feedback from Muslims, as well, who read this work and wish to comment.

1. The Koran, Translated by N. J. Dawood, Penguin Classics, London, England. 1956 ISBN #0-14-044052-6

2. The Holy Qur’an English Translation of the Meanings of the Qur’an with Notes, Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Copyright 1992, H&C International, PO Box 51841, Indianapolis, IN 46251, USA, p.158

CHAPTER:

1.   History of Mohammed and the Qur’an

2.   Christianity and Islam

3.   Warfare and Peace

4.   Status of Women

5.   Marriage and Divorce

6.   Mohammed

7.   Creation and Science

8.   Judgment Day

9.   Paradise

10.   Hell

11.   Salvation

12.   Free Will – Predestination

13.   Human Characteristics Ascribed to Allah

14.   Bible Characters in the Qur’an

15.   Unusual Tales

16.   Islamic Law

17.   The Qur’an

18.   The Holy Bible

19.   Counterfeit Verses

20.   Christians

21.   Jesus Christ

22.   The Jews

23.   Criminal Punishments

24.   Predicted World Events


Chapter Ten Hell Preface and Comparison

24 September 2014 - 11:58 PM

Chapter Ten

Hell

Preface and Comparison with the Bible

One of the more significant differences between the Bible and the Qur'an is the emphasis placed on Hell. The Bible’s New Testament only mentions Hell fourteen times. None of the references contain a great deal of specifics. Even though the Qur'an is a shorter text than the New Testament, Hell is mentioned ninety-five times (repetitious verses are not covered in this collection of forty-seven verses). Mohammed often used references to Hell as a threat to those who would reject the Qur'an.

The Bible associates Hell with Gehenna, which was the garbage dump outside of Jerusalem where the trash constantly burned. It generally described it as a place of outer darkness, weeping and fire. The Bible proclaims that Hell is the inevitable end of people unless God rescues them. God loved the world so much that he came in Christ Jesus to suffer death and Hell as a substitute for all those who would accept his forgiveness and eternal life. One person rescued was the thief who was crucified next to Jesus. He simply defended the Lord against the mocking of the other criminal and asked to be remembered when Jesus came into his kingdom. The Lord Jesus promised him that they would be together in Paradise (Luke 23:39-43).

The Qur'an repeats the Biblical principle of a fiery Hell, but goes further to describe very physical aspects of torture. The specific details include beatings by angels and marching in chains. It gets so detailed that it contradicts itself at times. For example, it says that the only food in Hell will be “dari” or a bitter plant. Then the Qur'an states that the only food would be filth, and later it states that their food will be the fruit from the Zaqqum tree. Another conflicting portrayal has to do with chains. The lost will either march pulling a heavy load, be dragged through boiling water and fire, or linked together with others in a pit.

One of the main objections that Muslims have with the Bible is the free gift of forgiveness offered by God (Ephesians 2:8-10). The Bible reveals that the cross of Christ and the victory of his resurrection defeated the powers of Hell for those who believe, which gives them the motivation and ability to live for God. Muslims insist that the threat of Hell must always be in front of everyone, even Muslims, so that they will live good lives.

The Qur'an Says ...

Fill Hell If Allah had willed he could have given everyone true guidance, but the word of Allah is that he will fill Hell with men and genies (32:13, 11:119, 7:18).

Fire The wicked will burn in Hell (82:14). The fire is kindled by Allah and will be chest high, vaulted above them and surrounding them in columns (104:6-9). On the Day of Judgment, people will be shoved into the fire of Hell as they are told that it is the fire they denied existed and they will burn there as a result of their deeds (52:11-16).

Drink The unbelievers on Judgment Day will be given boiling water to drink (88:5).

Food The only food will be “dari” (a bitter and thorny plant which looks and smells bad). It will not satisfy their hunger (88:6). The only food will be the filth, which comes from the washing of wounds (69:36). Their food will be from the Zaqqum tree which grows on the edge of Hell with fruit resembling the devil’s head on which they will eat their fill, drink boiling water and be thrown back into Hell (37:62-68).

Chains People will be made to march in chains seventy cubits long (69:32). Those that disagree with any of the Scriptures (Bible or Qur'an) that the apostles have been given will have shackles put on their necks and be dragged through boiling water and thrown into fire on the Judgment Day (40:69-72). They will be chained together and thrown in a narrow place where they will beg for death (25:13).

Mocking Questions The sinners will be questioned by those in the garden Paradise, “What did you do to be sent to Hell?” The answer will be that they did not pray or feed the hungry, gossiped and denied belief in the Day of Judgment (74:40-46). The occupants of Paradise will mock those in Hell (7:44-50).

Never Ending The torment will never stop nor will those in Hell ever be reprieved (16:85).

Beaten by Angels When an unbeliever dies, angels carry off his soul as they beat him in the face and across his back saying, “Taste the torment of Hell’s fire” (8:50).

Rods of Iron The unbelievers will be whipped with rods of iron (22:21).


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Chapter Nine Paradise Preface and Comparison

24 September 2014 - 11:56 PM

Chapter Nine

Paradise

Preface and Comparison with the Bible

Eternal life is not called “heaven” in the Qur'an. The Muslim concept of a heavenly reward is much different than it is described in the Bible. Thirty-seven paraphrased verses from the Qur'an are included in this chapter to better explain the Muslim view of the Gardens of Paradise.

The Qur'an describes these gardens as places of sensual pleasures. Some of these pleasures were those denied to Muslims while on earth. On earth, Muslim men were limited in the number of wives they could have at one time. The Qur'an promises an unlimited supply of virgins waiting for them on plush cushions in protected tents. Another earthly restriction was against the drinking of alcohol. In the Eternal Gardens there are endless supplies of wine, which can be drunk without harmful consequences. The residents of the Gardens are continually grateful.

The image of heaven, revealed in the Bible, does not include sexual relations. The Lord Jesus made it clear that those in heaven will not be married, but will be like the angels of God (Matthew 22:30). The prevailing image of heaven in the Bible is that of worship of God and fellowship between people from every ethnic group (Revelation 7:9).

The Qur'an Says ...

Desires Met The afterlife of Muslims will be a place where all their desires are not only met but exceeded (50:35).

Endless Fountain of Wine The righteous will drink from a endlessly flowing fountain of wine, which is mixed with Kafur water (76:5-6). It will be a white wine that will not intoxicate those in the Garden of Bliss (37:45-47).

Gardens The delights of the afterlife will take place in two gardens full of all kinds of sensual pleasures (55:46-48). In addition, there are two other gardens, which are also filled with delights in them (55:62).

Virgins In the Gardens are fruits, shade, fountains and virgins. The virgins are bashful and as beautiful as rubies and corals (55:56,58). There will be additional dark eyed heavenly companions in the second set of Gardens who will be forced to stay in their large peaked tents. Neither men nor genies will have touched them. Their chastity will be safe until the arrival of those who are granted admission to Paradise. They wait reclining on green cushions and beautiful carpets (55:70-76). These companions will all be equally high breasted (youthful) (78:33). In the gardens, the Muslims will be united in sexual relations with companions (“houris”) who have beautiful, large and dark eyes (52:20, 44:54, 2:25). Virgins will surround them who are bashful with large delicate eyes like eggs (37:48-49).

Handsome Boy Servants They will be served by devoted youths who are as handsome as valuable pearls. They will wait on their every need (52:24).

Food and Drink In the Garden on high, Muslims will eat and drink to their heart’s content (69:24).

Praise and Fellowship In the Gardens of Delight rivers will run at the feet of the residents. They will cry out their praise and greet one another by saying, “Peace!” (10:9-10). They give glory night and day without getting tired (41:38).

Gold and Silk Those in the Gardens of Eternity will be adorned with bracelets of gold and dressed in fine green silk which have raised designs of gold woven into them (18:31, 35:33).

Earthly Wives and Families Muslims, whose children followed Islam, will be reunited with them in the Gardens of Bliss so that the fathers will not be deprived of what they accomplished on earth (52:21). Muslims will enter the Gardens of Eden, as will all of their fathers, wives and offspring who followed Islam (13:23).

Mansions It is a commandment to believe in Allah and Mohammed. It is mandatory to fight for Islam with everything the Muslims have, even with their lives, so that Allah will forgive their sins and allow them into the Gardens of Eden where they will have large residences (61:11-12). Those who deserve it will have lofty mansions at the foot of which will flow rivers (39:20).

FAIR USE NOTICE: This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in an effort to advance understanding of veterans' issues. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed an interest in receiving the included information for educational purposes. For more information go to: http://www.law.corne...de/17/107.shtml If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. We obtain news and information from many sources. Here is a list of some of them:

EDITOR’S NOTE: Veterans/Armed Forces Network cannot independently verify the content, date, location or authenticity of any material.

Military Services and Reserve Components

Department of Homeland Security

Government References:

"Veterans/Armed Forces Network©Copyright 2001-2014" vafnet.com, vafnet.org, vafnet.net All rights reserved.

"Veterans/Armed Forces Network is a both a public service site and subscription based site and is not affiliated with the United States Armed Services.

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Chapter Eight Judgment Day Preface and Comparison

24 September 2014 - 11:52 PM

Chapter Eight

Judgment Day

Preface and Comparison with the Bible

Both the Qur'an and the Bible proclaim a final judgment. Some of the end times catastrophes mentioned in the Qur'an reflect what the Bible stated hundreds of years before Mohammed was born. Yet, there are a number of differences between the Biblical message and that of the Qur'an. Paraphrased in this chapter is a collection of thirty-five verses from the Qur'an on the subject.

The Bible gives specific predictions of what will precede the final judgment. Prophecies concerning the spread of the gospel to every nation (Matthew 24:14), career of the Anti-Christ (Revelation 13) and actual location of the final world conflict (Revelation 16:16) are only a few of the numerous predictions. Specific predictions are completely missing from the Qur'an, but there is a much more striking difference.

The Qur'an does not mention a central Biblical message, which has to do with the triumphal return of Jesus Christ. The Bible reveals that the Lord Jesus will be seated in the center of God’s throne, as both Savior and Judge (Matthew 25, Revelation 7:16-17). The one Qur'an passage, which mentions Jesus on Judgment Day, pictures him on trial being questioned by Allah. Allah asks Jesus whether or not he claimed that he and his mother were two gods besides Allah to which Jesus replies that he would never have said such a thing (5:115-117).

The Qur'an does not proclaim that Jesus is coming as the Savior of those who believed in his Lordship. Actually, there is no salvation in Islam. If anyone goes to the Islamic Eternal Gardens it will be because he died in battle fighting for Islam or he was characterized by four things; that Allah gave him guidance to believe in Islam, his good deeds were weighty, religious rituals were observed and Allah had mercy on him.

The Qur'an Says ...

Jesus Questioned On the Judgment Day, Allah will question Jesus who will be among the other apostles. Jesus will be asked if he told mankind to worship him and his mother as two gods besides Allah. Jesus will strongly deny it (5:115-117).

Sun On the Judgment Day the sun will be folded up (81:1).

Sun and Moon Collide The sun and the moon will come together (75:9).

Stars The stars will fall down (81:2).

Mountains The mountains will blow away (81:3).

Infant Girls The babies who were buried alive (because they were females) will be raised and questioned as to why that happened to them (81:8-9).

Sky The sky will be torn in two (55:37).

Resurrection On that day the dead will be cast out of their graves and all their deeds will be exposed (100:9-10).

Earth The earth will be ground into a powder (89:21).

Books Each person will be handed a book of their faith and works. If the person receives the book in their right hand then he will have a light punishment. If it is given to them behind their back then they will burn in hell (84:7-12).

Ladders to Heaven On the Judgment Day, the Spirit and the angels will climb up ladders to heaven in one day (70:4).

Fifty Thousand Years The Day of Judgment will be one day which will last the span of fifty thousand years (70:4).

Coming Very Soon The unbelievers think the Day of Judgment will not be soon but Muslims know that it will come quickly (70:6-7).

No Redemption To redeem himself from the torment of the Day of Judgment, the sinner would gladly sacrifice his children, wife, brother, relative and every person in the world. The flames of hell will pluck out the hair from the sinner’s head because he did not believe and stored up his wealth (70:10-18).

Throne On the Judgment Day the sky will weaken and be torn apart. The tearing open of the sky will reveal eight angels who will be seen carrying the throne of Allah above their heads (69:15-17).

Scales On the Day of Resurrection, everyone’s actions will be weighed on scales. Even acts as small as a grain of mustard seed will be weighed out (21:47).

FAIR USE NOTICE: This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in an effort to advance understanding of veterans' issues. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed an interest in receiving the included information for educational purposes. For more information go to: http://www.law.corne...de/17/107.shtml If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. We obtain news and information from many sources. Here is a list of some of them:

EDITOR’S NOTE: Veterans/Armed Forces Network cannot independently verify the content, date, location or authenticity of any material.

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Government References:

"Veterans/Armed Forces Network©Copyright 2001-2014" vafnet.com, vafnet.org, vafnet.net All rights reserved.

"Veterans/Armed Forces Network is a both a public service site and subscription based site and is not affiliated with the United States Armed Services.

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Chapter Seven Creation and Science Preface and Comparison

24 September 2014 - 11:50 PM

Chapter Seven

Creation and Science

Preface and Comparison with the Bible

Most Muslims claim that the Qur'an’s views of creation and science agree with modern science. They feel strongly about this because they believe the Qur'an must be flawless in every way or it is not a divine revelation. The validity of this claim needs to be questioned. Such inquiry logically begins with the Islamic story of creation.

Is there a creation story in the Qur'an? It does not have one complete passage that covers the subject as in the beginning of the Bible. The Qur'anic verses on creation are scattered throughout the Muslim text. In this chapter, one hundred forty-nine verses have been collected, arranged and paraphrased to provide a quick guide to what Islam teaches on the origin of the universe, earth and mankind.

There are similarities between the Biblical and Islamic accounts. For example, both the Bible and the Qur'an describe the sun as rising and setting. This is a typical way to describe the passing of a day even in modern times, yet the Qur'an goes beyond what the Bible teaches about the actions of the sun and moon. For example, it claims that a mighty man saw the sun land in a muddy pool in the far west. In addition the Qur'an explains that the sun and moon orbit the earth and are not allowed to catch up with each other.

There are differences as well between the Bible and the Qur'an. One example has to do with mountains. The Bible describes how the earth was covered with water until the land came up out of the sea, but the Qur'an declares that the earth was leveled flat then mountains were set down on the earth from above. The mountains were placed on the earth to keep the land from sliding around.

The first verse of the Bible describes how the sun and moon, along with all the heavens and earth were created, yet, the Bible makes it clear that the sun and moon were not made to function for seasons until “the fourth day.” Christian creationists claim that this might have been due to a thick cloud cover over the earth. The Qur'an states that the sun and moon were created after the earth. The Qur'an goes on to reveal that they were hung as lights on the dome of the sky.

The Qur'an adds information not found in the Bible. For example, the Bible says nothing about the purpose of “shooting stars” but the Qur'an explains that they are fiery missiles which chase off genies from listening to what is taking place above the dome of the sky where Allah is on his throne. (The Qur'an teaches that “jinn” or genies are spiritual beings, maybe best compared to demons, though not all of them are evil. They are understood to have a free will and some of them have become Muslims.)

The cosmology of the Qur'an seems consistent with the Arabic understanding of the time of Mohammed. It certainly does not seem to agree with modern science. The non-Muslim reader needs to appreciate the difficulty Muslim fundamentalists experience as they try to harmonize the following verses with the facts that are known about the universe.

The Qur'an Says ...

Six Days The creation was completed in six days (10:3).

Order In four days the earth was completed. Then attention was given to the sky, which was still smoke. In two days seven heavens were created with the lower heaven adorned with lights (41:10-12). Everything on earth was created before Allah turned to the sky or heaven and fashioned seven levels of heavens (2:29, 41:10-12).

Flat Earth The earth was leveled flat or spread out in the creation event (88:20, 15:19, 79:30). Allah will not let it cave in beneath mankind (67:16). Both the earth and the heavens would fall if it were not for the sustaining power of Allah. If they did fall, no one could hold them back (35:41, 16:45).

Mountains Set Down Mountains were set down on the earth like giant immovable weights or pegs in order to keep the flat earth from moving (15:19, 21:31, 31:10, 88:19, 16:15, 79:32, 78:7).

Man Man was created to be in distress (90:4). Man was first created from clay. He then procreates as the essence of clay becomes a living germ and is put into the womb. The germ transforms into a clot of blood. The blood clot becomes a small mass, which is fashioned into bones. The bones are then covered with flesh. This is the amazing developmental process by which life is generated and regenerated (23:12-14). Each man begins as a discharged semen, which becomes a clot of blood and then is given male or female parts (76:37-39).

Woman A mate for man was created so that he might find comfort as he rests with her and produces offspring (7:189). Men were made superior to women, which means they exercise authority over females and must beat them if they are rebellious. This is why women depend on men for their support (4:34).

Sky Is a Dome The sky and the heavens were still just smoke after the completion of the earth with its living things and mountains (41:10-11, 2:29). The sky was built up as a dome over the earth (2:22, 21:32). It was raised on high as a canopy (79:28). It continues to be amazing that it has no visible pillars or cracks (31:10, 50:6). It was built up, decorated with bright ornaments and has no cracks or defects (50:6). It remains to be a threat as a piece of the sky could fall on an individual as a form of punishment (34:9).

Stars Are Lamps Above the earth were constructed seven layers of heavens which are miraculously kept from falling. The lower level is decorated with lighted lamps (41:12, 67:5).

Zodiac Signs The sky was decorated with the signs of the zodiac to make it beautiful (15:16, 25:61).

Falling Stars Chase Genies Shooting stars are made for a special purpose. They are lamps that are thrown as fiery missiles at genies (jinn) who try to fly up toward the sky in order to spy on the activities of heaven (37:6-10, 15:17-18, 67:5, 26:210-212).

Satan Prior to the creation of humans, Satan was created out of smokeless fire. He was punished for refusing a command to bow before Adam, the man who was sculpted and brought to life from clay. When he was banished and degraded to the earth, Satan swore to mislead people. Adam and Eve were his first victims. He was one of the genies (15:28-39, 7:11-23, 18:50).

Evil Spirits Genies were made from fire that has no smoke (55:15).

Sun and Moon Orbit Earth After the seven heavens were built over the earth, the sun was put into service (13:2-3, 78:12-13). The sun is a shining lamp (25:61, 78:13). The sun swims its rounded course and comes to a resting-place (36:40, 18:86). The sun is not allowed to catch up with the moon and the moon is not allowed to overtake the sun as they run their prescribed orbits (36:37-40, 21:32-33). Allah swears by the sun with his midday brightness and the moon, how she rises to follow him (91:1-2).

Adam and Eve Adam and Eve were created in a garden paradise in heaven. All the angels but Satan obeyed Allah by bowing before Adam. Satan was forever degraded because of this disobedience. Satan, in turn, tempted Adam and Eve to eat from the tree that Allah had forbidden them to even approach. Because of this, Allah cast Adam and Eve out of the heavenly garden and placed them on the earth (7:11-25).

Superman A mighty man was made who was given the power to do anything. His name was Dhul-Qarnain. Among other things, he traveled on a road so far west that he saw where the sun landed in a pool of black mud. He was given authority to rule them and he was harsh with the people he found there. He traveled on another road so far to the East that he saw a kind of people who were close to the rising sun as it started its journey. They had been left without any protection against the nearness of the burning sun’s rays. He left those people alone. Another of his exploits was to construct a huge dam made of iron blocks and coated it with molten lead. It completely filled the space between two steep mountains and was so massive that the people of Gog and Magog (Russia) could not scale it or dig through it to disturb their neighbors. The great dam will survive until the Judgment Day (18:83-100).

Semen Look at the semen you emit. Did you create it, or are we the Creators (56:58-59)? The male and the female are created in the womb when a drop is poured fourth (53:45-46).

Birds Birds are a sign to encourage belief since there is no natural reason why they are suspended between the earth and the sky. It is only by Allah’s miraculous power (16:79).

Shadows Allah lengthens and shortens the shadows. He could have made them stationary. The sun guides them (25:45).

Throne After the heavens were finished, Allah, who built them, went to sit down on his throne in heaven. Allah continues to hold the heavens and the earth so that they might not disappear (10:3, 13:2, 20:5, 25:59, 35:41, 57:4). Those who hold up Allah’s throne and surround it constantly pray that those Muslims who deserve it would be forgiven (40:7-9).


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